Explore the Deep Sea

Tools & Techniques

Remote, dangerous working environments

Research Vessel Kilo Moana in port. Image courtesy of C. Goddard.

How do you map the extent of a volcano one and a half miles below the ocean surface, when your ship is tossing in 20-foot waves? How do you collect rock or water samples thousands of feet underwater, under pressures that are like being stood on by an elephant wearing high heeled shoes? How do you take photographs of the seafloor where no light penetrates, and where chemicals in the seawater are highly corrosive? Deep-sea observations and experiments require sophisticated equipment, carried by specially designed ships.

Many specialized tools

Equipment on deck. Image courtesy of C. Goddard.

Researchers use a wide variety of equipment to help them collect and analyze information. For instance:

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